It is the lowest of the woodwind instruments. the imperial measurement system is a pain in the arse and became out dated a long long time ago. For this reason, the contrabass woodwind parts often were scored for, and contrabassoon parts were often played on a serpent, contrabass sarrusophone or, less frequently, reed contrabass, until improvements by Heckel in the late 19th century secured the contrabassoon's place as the standard double reed contrabass. Different grains and quality of wood will change how the instrument plays – thinner wood, finer grain = quicker response because it vibrates easier. Weights vary massively from instrument to instrument, simply because a good instrument is hand made by a luthier. However, I do not consider this extended upper range critical to the subcontrabassoon’s success as it well covered by both the bassoon and contrabassoon. The Beethoven example is typical of much Classical and early Romantic fare. In recent years, the rock group Violent Femmes have incorporated the contrabass saxophone into the band's live performances as well as their newest albums. The contrabassoon reed is similar to an average bassoon's in that scraping the reed affects both the intonation and response of the instrument.[1]. Conversely, contrabassoon also has a booming quality, similar to organ pedals, in its lowest register; enabling it to produce powerful contrabass tones when desired (aided by the flared bell, which bassoon does not have). White. One of the few contrabassoon soloists in the world is Susan Nigro,[14] who lives and works in and around Chicago. Both companies' improvements allow for improved technical facility as well as greater range in the high register. The contrabass saxophone was part of the original saxophone family as conceived by Adolphe Sax, and is included in his saxophone patent of 1846, as well as in Kastner's concurrently published Methode for saxophone. Hayley Roud, 300220780, New Zealand Works for Contrabassoon, 2010 4 Introduction The contrabassoon is seldom thought of as a solo instrument. This effect can be mitigated greatly by changes to the reed design, but it can be a desirable quality for some players, as it adds to the sinister or monstrous quality which some contrabassoon writing seeks to affect, and causes the contrabassoon sound to be more prominent in musical textures. 2011-09-13 03:36:23. It was around that time that the contrabassoon began gaining acceptance in church music. It is particularly effective as a foundation for large ensembles of saxophones. It's used in orchestras, bands, and even chamber music. The bassoon is so long that it has to be bent in half!. A rare use of the instrument in jazz was by Garvin Bushell, who sat in as a guest with saxophonist John Coltrane during his 1961 recording sessions at the Village Vanguard. [2] Until the late 19th century, the instrument typically had a weak tone and poor intonation. Double reeds are used on the oboe, oboe d'amore, English horn, bass oboe, Heckelphone, bassoon, contrabassoon, sarrusophone, shawm, bagpipes, nadaswaram and shehnai. Heckel Contrabassoon #1002 is up for sale. Compared to the standard-sized bassoon instruments, it is quite long and has a wider pipe. [2] There is evidence that a contrafagott was used in Frankfurt in 1626. Contrabassoon may theoretically play music for bassoon, which has much more solo repertoire, but the sonic and mechanical differences from the bassoon (and bassoon's comparative facility in the high register) mean that bassoon repertoire is not always suited to contra. How to Play the Bassoon. The instrument comes in a few pieces (plus bocal); some models cannot be disassembled without a screwdriver. While there are few orchestral works that call specifically for the contrabass saxophone, the growing number of contrabass saxophonists has led to the creation of an increasing body of solo and chamber music literature. Fox Model 900 Contrabassoon Special Order The Fox 900 is one of the world’s most popular contras. Stephen Hough has written a trio for piccolo, contrabassoon and piano Was mit den Tränen geschieht. It is extremely large (twice the length of tubing of the baritone saxophone, with a bore twice as wide, standing 1.9 meters tall, or 6 feet 4 inches) and heavy (approximately 20 kilograms, or 45 pounds), and is pitched in the key of E♭, one octave below the baritone saxophone. The contrabassoon was developed in the mid-18th century; the oldest surviving instrument, which came in four parts and had only three keys, was built in 1714. With the assistance of Richard Bobo[citation needed], Steven Braunstein, contrabassoonist with the San Francisco Symphony,[6] built a contrabassoon extension allowing his instrument to play a G0, a full step below the lowest note on the piano. The contrabassoon reed is similar to an average bassoon's in that scraping the reed affects both the intonation and response of the instrument. Yes there is a change to the Single Clearance definition. [9], Most major symphony orchestras employ a contrabassoon, and many have programmed concerts featuring their contrabassoonist as soloist. Throughout the long history of contra-register double-reed instruments the assumed role has been to provide a foundation for the wind chord, along the same line as the double bass does for the strings. Gustav Holst gave the contrabassoon multiple solos in The Planets, primarily in "Mercury, the Winged Messenger" and "Uranus, the Magician". The contrabassoon can also produce a "buzz" or "rattle", particularly when loud and in its low register, which gives the sound an edged quality. A much lesser used support system is the bassoon harness which spreads the weight more equally across most of the back (see figure 1b). [citation needed] He commissioned, premiered and recorded Aztec Ceremonies for contrabassoon by Graham Waterhouse.[15]. [citation needed]. 9, just prior to the tenor solo), although Bach, Handel (in his Music for the Royal Fireworks), Haydn (e.g., in both of his oratorios The Creation and The Seasons, where the part for the contrabassoon and the bass trombone are mostly, but not always, identical), and Mozart had occasionally used it in other genres (e.g., in the Coronation Mass). For example, Michael Tilson Thomas: Urban Legend for Contrabassoon and Orchestra featuring Steven Braunstein, San Francisco Symphony;[10] Gunther Schuller: Concerto for Contrabassoon featuring Lewis Lipnick, National Symphony Orchestra[citation needed]; John Woolrich: Falling Down featuring Margaret Cookhorn, City of Birmingham Symphony Orchestra;[11] Erb: Concerto for Contrabassoon featuring Gregg Henegar, London Symphony Orchestra;[12] Kalevi Aho: Concerto for Contrabassoon featuring Lewis Lipnick Bergen Symphony Orchestra[13]. The horn was ordered in 1982 while he was in the Toronto Symphony and he has since been playing it … As of January 1, 2021 DHL will assess a service charge of $35.00 for shipments that require live entries and / or Antidumping / Countervailing clearance processing in addition to importer requests for a single formal entry if the shipment is qualified to be cleared informally on the manifest. At this time, The UPS Store retail locations in Canada are open and operating on regular hours in almost all locations but may be limiting the number of customers permitted in store to follow social distancing protocols. Its middle and upper registers are warm, full, and expressive. The contrabassoon has a water key to expel condensation and a tuning slide for gross pitch adjustments. Easily playable, it works equally well as a starter instrument or for professional orchestral playing. Answered. Blaise Garza's contrabass saxophone often doubles the bass guitar,[4] and is featured heavily on their ninth studio album We Can Do Anything. It is made out of maple wood (or plastic) and has a double reed. Composers have often used the contrabassoon to comical or sinister effect by taking advantage of its seeming "clumsiness" and its sepulchral rattle, respectively. The fingering of the contrabassoon is different from that of the bassoon, most evident at the register change (omitting the left first finger, where one would half-hole on bassoon) and in the high range. The bassoon is a musical instrument in the woodwind family. By the onset of the Great Depression, the saxophone craze had ended, and the contrabass, already rare, almost disappeared from public view. As of 2019, there are eight firms which manufacture contrabassoons (in alphabetical order): These firms once manufactured contrabassoons, but no longer do so. A good average value would be around 3.5Kg (around 7.5 pounds.) The contrabass saxophone is the second-lowest-pitched extant member of the saxophone family proper. £36795.00: Fox Model 920 Contrabassoon Special Order Although still quite rare, perhaps partly due to its great expense, three manufacturers now produce contrabass saxophones: Benedikt Eppelsheim of Munich, Germany[2] Romeo Orsi Wind Instruments of Milan, and J’Elle Stainer of São Paulo, Brazil.[3]. a clarinet weighs about 800 grams. Examples of these low-pitched dulcians include the octavebass, the quintfaggot, and the quartfaggot. It is extremely large (twice the length of tubing of the baritone saxophone, with a bore twice as wide, standing 1.9 meters tall, or 6 feet 4 inches) and heavy (approximately 20 kilograms, or 45 pounds), and is pitched in the key of E ♭, one octave below the baritone saxophone. It can be smooth and mellow, or harsh and buzzy depending on the player, and on the mouthpiece and reed combination used. [3] Baroque precursors to the contrabassoon developed in France in the 1680s, and later in England in the 1690s, independent of the dulcian developments in Austria and Germany during the previous century.[2]. The difficulty of holding and controlling the instrument (let alone playing it) makes performing on the instrument a somewhat theatrical experience in and of itself. basic contrabassoon fingering system; low range: A −1 (13.75 Hz) high range: at least F 2, ideally C 3; overall height: 193 cm (6′ 4″) (not including adjustable endpin) estimated weight of maple version: 17 kg (38 lbs) estimated weight of delrin prototype: 26 kg (57 lbs) bocal and keywork at approximately same height as on contrabassoon Alternate low C bell The alternate low C bell is designed to reduce the weight and bulk of the instrument in situations where the full range of the subcontrabassoon is not required. The health and safety of our customers and franchise network is of paramount importance. For the stringed instrument, see, 1961 recording sessions at the Village Vanguard, https://www.sfsymphony.org/About-Us/Musicians-Conductors/Members-Of-Orchestra/Bassoons#artist-4228, https://www.sfsymphony.org/About-Us/Press-Room/Press-Releases/MTT-Brahms-and-Bruckner-Oct-27-Nov-4.aspx, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZcUZVoteCPE, "Margaret Cookhorn - City of Birmingham Symphony Orchestra", "The London Philharmonic Celebrates American Composers", "Andrew Litton Insights: Passed Up by the NSO, Concerto For Contrabassoon Premieres in Norway, Feb 2006 - Conductor - Maestro - Music Director - Musician", "Mollenhauer bassoon (Page 1) — The Instrument Shop — IDRS forum (TM)", "ContraBassoon by Lignatone (item #754670)", "Cabart A Paris German System Contrabassoon Upright Bell", https://www.musicalchairs.info/sales/10847?ref=5, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Contrabassoon&oldid=997066765, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2019, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2015, Articles with unsourced statements from July 2010, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 29 December 2020, at 21:12. Saxophone ensembles were also popular at this time, and the contrabass saxophone was an eye-catching novelty for the groups that were able to obtain one. A trumpet weighs about 1.3 kilograms, but a tuba weighs a whopping 13.6 kilograms! The large blades allow ample vibration that produces the low register of the instrument. Frequent exponents of such scoring were Brahms and Mahler, as well as Richard Strauss, and Dmitri Shostakovich. Due to its large body and wide bore, the sound of the contrabass saxophone has great acoustical presence and a very rich tone. In some contemporary jazz/classical ensembles the contrabass saxophone doubles the baritone saxophone either at the same pitch or an octave below, depending on the register of the music. The contrabassoon is a supplementary orchestral instrument and is most frequently found in larger symphonic works, often doubling the bass trombone or tuba at the octave. 2011-09-13 03:36:23. Many works have been written specifically for her,[citation needed] and she has released several CDs. is shipping to a PO Box or, if the order is held for credit card verification, it may take more than five buisness days to arrive. Contrabassoon proper has much more color and personality. However, until the late 19th century, the contrabassoon typically had a weak tone and poor intonation. Precursors to the contrabassoon are documented as early as 1590 in Austria and Germany, at a time when the growing popularity of doubling the bass line led to the development of lower-pitched dulcians. It was around that time that the contrabassoon began gaining acceptance in church music. Scoring for it very seldom calls for notes above written-pitch F or G above the bass staff, and the higher clefs are therefore seldom required. Patrick Gilmore's famous American band roster included a contrabass saxophone in 1892, and at least a dozen of these instruments were built by the Evette-Schaeffer company for the US military bands in the early 20th century. The width at the tip of the reed is 21mm* The length of the blade is 37mm* long& the length of the tube is 38mm* As these reeds are handmade. It has a sounding range beginning at B♭0 (or A0, on some instruments) and extending up three octaves and a major third to D4 (although, as outlined above, the top fourth is rarely used). The reed is considerably larger, at 70-75 mm in total length as compared to 53-58 mm for most bassoon reeds. Thanks to refinements in their acoustical designs and keywork, modern contrabass saxophones are no more difficult to play than most other saxophones. An increasing number of performers and recording artists are making use of the instrument, including Anthony Braxton, Paul Cohen, David Brutti, Jay C. 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